In Nage-no-kata the elements of kuzushi (unbalancing), tsukuri (fitting your body to uki) and kake (execution, ) are demonstrated. Similarly in performing katame-no-kata, kuzushi and tsukuri must be shown, but in katame the execution is known as kime.
- As with all Kata’s different senseis may teach slightly different forms within the kata. It is beneficial to practise all variations, work out for your self what difference it makes if a different form of technique is used BUT if you are intending to demonstrate the kata it is important (polite and politic) to do some research and perform your kata as the grading Sensei prefers.
Tori’s posture should at all times look strong and controlled.
Tori should avoid kneel on two knees as this is a weak posture.
During kata uki may rest her /his head on the tatami but it should be raised as tori comes in for her /his attack.
Uki is not a passive puppet; s/he must appear to be an active participant in this kata.
- Uki must show clear submission signal (mairi) before tori releases control
Rei if stepping onto the mat
Come to 2 mat lengths apart, turn and tachi-rei to joseki, Tori has joseki on her L-Hand side.
Face each other and Kneel, za-rei to each other.
Uki takes one pace forward before lowering her self onto her back with left knee slightly raised, whilst tori stands and walks round to uki’s L- side, her back is to joseki.
Having stood up both retreat to 2 mats apart, kneel, kyoshi (open) as tidy their gi’s
Kneeling rei to each other.
Stand turn to face joseki and tachi-rei
If leaving tatami, walk to edge and rei ‘off the mat’.
Tori should show changes of leg position to maintain balance against uki’s attempts to escape.
Uki must use whole body and show use of grip on tori’s gi when attempting to escape
|Kata-gatame||Tori clasps own hands not uki’s jacket|
|Kami-shiho-gatame||Tori has legs out, apart|
|Yoko- shiho-gatame||Tori uses L grip on belt to feed it into R hand between legs||Tori has right leg straight, front left leg is bent.|
|Kuzure-Kami-shiho-gatame||Enters as for kami, but drops onto R-knee at 45||Tori has right leg staight, L leg bent|
Tori backs off one pace, and takes up kyoshi (open), as uki sits and turns to face tori coming into kyoshi (open) as both adjust gi.
Pause and adjust breathing. Both close.
Tori retreats two steps as uki returns to prone position.
Shime-waza – uki should show attempt to break strangle before it is applied.
|Kata-juji-jime||Tori moves uki’s arm out of way||Tori’s forehead should end up resting on mat||Heels tucked under uki’s legs|
|Hadaka-jime||Uki sits up as tori stands up||Tori’s r knee should make contact with uki’s R shoulder blade, tori’s shoulder supports uki’s neck||Tori takes small step back to rock uki backwards to break balance.|
|Okuri-eri-jime||L hand feeds under armpit||R knee to side of uki, so can sit back||Unbalance uki to right rear corner|
|Kata-ha-jime||Tori is more upright for this choke||Rotates uki more to right and rear to apply choke|
Tori moves uki’s arm out of way, does not circle round head
|Uki bridges as pushes uki’s elbows in circular motion (one up, one down)||Uki succeeds in rolling tori onto back when tori reapplies strangle|
- Assisted by Uki both roll back and tori dismounts from Uki.Tori backs off one pace, and kyoshi’s then backs off 2, kyoshi before standing and walking to commencing position. S/he kneels, kyoshi steps in two and waits in Kyoshi (open)
- as uki sits and turns to face tori coming into kyoshi (open) as both adjust gi.
- Pause and adjust breathing. Both close.
- Tori retreats two steps as uki returns to prone position.
Kansetsu-waza – uki should show attacking move before attempting to resist lock as it is applied.
|Ude-garame||Tori moves uki’s R arm out of way||Uki attacks with Left to tori’s shoulder||get in close|
|Juji-gatame||Left leg should circle round uki’s head not step across neck.|
|Ude-gatame||Tori moves uki’s R arm out of way||Uki attacks with L to tori’s R shoulder. Tori’s R hand is higher than her L.||Tori’s right knee kneels on uki as turns to face uki’s head.|
|Hiza-gatame||Uki on both knees.Tori grips under arm pit NOT taking lapel||Tori place R foot against uki’s L knee.As twists uki onto ground||uki’s hips are trapped and controlled by tori’s feet.|
Both stand in R shizenhontei.
Tori attempts R tomoenage,
|uki steps to regain balance and tries to lift tori off mat||Tori swings deeper under uki and entangles uki’s leg. Pushing other leg away.|