In Kensetsu-waza Tori must protect uke’s shoulder whilst using hands and/or legs to apply painful pressure to the elbow joint.
The elbow is :
- Straight for a Gatame form of armlock
- Bent at 900 for a Garame/garami form of armlock
- (ude-hishigi)_Juji-gatame_ cross armlock
- Ude-garame_ entangled armlock
- Ude-gatame_ straight arm lock, hands apply pressure above and below the elbow with a slight twist.
- Waki-gatame_ with uke face down use the armpit to control uke’s shoulder
- Ashi-momo ude-gatame_ from a kesa-gatame position apply pressure to the wrist of a straight arm either using the foot or a hand.
- Ashi-momo ude-garami– from a migi-kesa-gatame position use the R-leg to entangle the bent R-arm.
- Hiza-gatame_ tori uses a knee to apply pressure to a straight arm
- Ashi-gatame_ tori wraps a leg around uke’s straight arm, tucking his/her foot under uke’s chin
- Sangaku-gatame _ tori contols uke’s shoulders with crossed legs.
Some kensetsu-waza’s can be applied in a standing position, but must not be used to unbalance or throw uke.