Kata can be thought of as a story which explains why different techniques have to be learnt, and when they can be used.
Uki should nearly always have it in mind that she has to complete 3 steps, usually, but not always tsuki-ashi style.
Although uki usually initiates the attack, tori must consider the best working distance each particular technique to be most effective.
Rei if stepping onto the mat
Come to 3 mat lengths apart (18 foot), turn and tachi-rei to joseki.
Face each other and Kneel, za-rei to each other.
Stand and both take a step towards each other, starting with left foot.
Pause then tori commences walk towards uki.
Having returned to kata working distance and tidied gi, turn to face
Both take a step back (left foot).
Kneel and perform za-rei.
Stand turn to face joseki and tachi-rei
If leaving tatami, walk to edge and rei.
|Uki-otoshi||Uki grips normal grip and pushes to unbalance tori|
Tori gives way
-2 tsugi-ashi to regain balance and unbalance uki
|Drops onto L knee – facing joseki.||Rolling break fall. Tori waits for uki to stand and follows to edge of kata area.|
|Kata-seoi||Uki stands from last throw and stepping L then R tries to punch down on tori’s head||Tori s-blocks as turns in and under||Throws by straightening knees and dropping shoulder||Uki should fall directly along line of Kata|
|Kata guruma||Uki reverts to normal grip and push|
– on 2nd step tori changes grip to inside sleeve to lift uki
|Tori throws by dropping his shoulder into uki’s groin, as cuddles uki’s thigh||Tori brings her left leg to right to make uki’s fall easier.|
|L. Uki-goshi||Uki steps L then R as punches down to tori’s head, but holding back more and left hand positioned to block kata seoi||Tori steps inside uki’s attack||Uki aims to fall along line of Kata|
|Harai-goshi||Uki reverts to normal grip and pushes. Holds back more than in first set.|
on 2nd step tori places hand round uki’s waist, hand flat to ease uki forward
|Very upright stance and deliberate sweep|
|Tsuri-komi-goshi||Uki again takes normal grip and push. Uki is stiffer, more resistant.||Tori takes a higher grip, on second step is lifting uki onto toes||As uki takes 3rd step, tori steppes back with L, but then steps across between them with R|
|Okuri-ashi-barai||Uki may step to face joseki, forcing tori to turn as well||Uki tries to unbalance tori by making her step sideways||Tori must not overtake uki, sweeps with a strong movement||Uki must break fall with correct arm|
|Sasae-tsuri-komi-ashi||Uki again takes normal grip and push, faster||2 tsuki-ashi but having completed 2nd, tori steps to side so is facing joseki as||places L sole of foot on front of uki’s ankle to block uki’s third step||Uki should feel as if doing somersault NOT turning onto side.|
|Uchi-mata||Uki instead of walking to edge of mat stands and faces Tori in middle of mat||As uki comes to face, she takes a high grip as steps forward with right foot, instead of retreating tori also steps forward as takes high hold||Tori pulls uki round still tsuki-ashi but circular fashion, working uki onto her hip. Uki must make good attempt at third step.||Tori must remain strong.|
|Tomoe-nage||Uki instead of waiting placidly at edge of mat comes to meet tori in middle.||Tori initiates attack by gripping and taking ½ step back (L), uki resists so tori makes her walk back in ayumi-ashi (Tori R foot first)||On 2nd step, tori changes grip to both lapels. On third step uki pushes back|
Tori drops under to throw.
Uki rises directly to feet after ukemi.
|Ura-nage||Uki again steps L then R as tries to punch down to tori’s head.||Tori steps inside attack, to grasp uki’s torso and throw uki over her head.||Tori should be shoulders on floor with arched back||Uki pauses on floor as if winded.|
|Sumi-gaeshi||Deep under arm non-grip, stepping forward with R, cheek to cheek|
Tori steps back with R foot then brings L foot to R (tsugi-ashi).
Uki steps ayumi-ashi.
|As uki takes 3rd step tori throws. Uki travels diagonally over tori’s body, passes tori’s left ear.||Uki may want to free her arm on 2nd step. Uki does R chugeri|
|Yoko-gake||Uki reverts to normal grip and push.||Tori whilst keeping her hips square to line of kata, by applying lock to uki’s out stretched arm turns uki’s back to joseki||then sweeps through both feet as throws self to ground.||Tori lands on side, then waits for uki to stand|
|Yoko-guruma||Starts as for ura-nage||But uki, to avoid being thrown drapes her self over tori.||Tori changes the direction of the throw. Tori remains on back with both feet firmly planted on ground||Uki stays down|
|Uki-waza||Tori initiates attack, stepping forward into upright jigotai. Deep under arm non grip,||Rolling motion, tori take big step back then as if falling onto side||Throws uki over out stretched leg.|